The traces of dentistry can be found as early as the Indus Valley civilisation, looking back to the remains of this civilisation, yields the evidence of dentistry being practiced as far back as 7000 BC. A site in Mehrgarh indicates that this earliest form of dentistry involved curing tooth related disorders with bow-drills operation, perhaps by various skilled individuals of that period. 

Dentistry in the subcontinent has been prevalent since the ages, we can also find traces in the Vedas as well with various learned and skilled doctors of that period doing dental treatments with these ancient people while the rest of the world still remained occupied in darkness yet to explore this field of medical science.

With the changing food patterns of mankind through ages the size and structure of human tooth has radically changed through ages, the dental structure in the early humanoid and that of the present homo sapiens do have a significant change if looked closely. 

Through ages, various archaeologists have been fascinated to how dental structure in the fossils of the early humans could help in identifying the eating habits in those times.

Coming back to the concept of Dental care if we start travelling ahead in time and while we reach the middle ages, we see that the level of dental care started to be common amongst the mass. A recent study has suggested tooth decay was actually much less prevalent in the Middle Ages than it became in later centuries, when mass imports of sugar from the tropics made it a staple rather than a rarity. Surveys of archaeological data from the medieval period show that an average of only 20 percent of teeth show any sign of decay, as opposed to up to 90 percent in some early 20th-century populations. A more common dental issue for medieval people was not decay but wear. Eating stone-ground bread daily as part of almost every meal meant medieval people’s teeth saw considerable abrasion from grit that over years led to the teeth being worn down.

The fact that dental hygiene was relatively good compared with later periods would have been a benefit to people at the time, given that dental surgery was pretty bad. Most treatment consisted of simply removing the tooth, which tended to be done by the local barber and with no anaesthetic other than perhaps getting drunk beforehand. 

But coming back to the modern times as where we stand, with a degree of improvement in the field of medicine and surgery, dental care in India and across the world has reached a newer height getting all the complex dental procedures done at an ease like never before.

Yet various medical experts and top dentists around the world have suggested to visit your dentist atleast twice a year despite any pain or discomfort

Here’s why:

1.Keeping a check on the Periodontal/Gum health:

One of the most important things that happens at a routine checkup is an overview or your periodontal health (or gum health.) The early symptoms of periodontal disease can be subtle to the untrained eye and your dentist will know exactly what to look out for. Why is this important? Well, untreated gum disease can cause an awful lot of damage to your mouth, in addition to putting you at a higher risk for developing a host of health complications—including heart disease, diabetes, and more. Seeing your dentist every six months means the likelihood of catching periodontal disease early is much higher, and hopefully the risk of unwanted associated complications much lower.

2. Bite Analysis

One of the things your dentist will assess at your check up is your bite alignment. Clues in your alignment can reveal problems with bruxism (tooth grinding), jaw or neck pain, or even sleep apnea. If a dentist. suspects that something’s off with your alignment, they’ll be able to get to the bottom of it and hopefully present a solution, ensuring less pain and a better night’s sleep.

3.Early detection of tooth decay

A cavity caught early is a much smaller problem that a cavity that goes unnoticed or untreated for months, or years, on end. A small, simple filling is much less expensive and time consuming, not to mention more comfortable, than a root canal procedure.

4. Your oral health helps in estimating your overall health

Believe it or not, your mouths can say a lot about your heath in general. During your examination, your dentist will look for signs of possible oral cancer, diabetes, or vitamin deficiencies. If they suspect something is unusual, they can recommend follow-up appointments with specialists

5. Keeping bad habits in check

There are many bad habits that can have a negative impact on your oral health, some of which you may not even realize are causing issues. Some of these habits include chewing ice, biting your nails, clenching your jaw, grinding your teeth, eating particularly sticky or hard sweets, brushing your teeth too hard, drinking coffee and red wine, and of course smoking.

When you go for regular dental checkups, your dentist can check for any oral damage caused by these or other habits which you may otherwise not have noticed. Being informed about specific destructive habits allows you to change or alter your lifestyle choice to prevent further damage. Visiting the dentist allows you to fix the damage that has already been done, and help your oral health be the best it can be.

6. Finding problems under the surface with X-Ray

A crucial part of visiting your dentist every six months is getting your teeth and jaw bone x-rayed. X-ray images allow dental professionals to see what is happening beneath the surfaces of your mouth, and can find and diagnose issues that may be invisible to the naked eye. Problems like this can include impacted teeth, which are growing teeth that are blocked from pushing through the gum line, as often seen in wisdom teeth.

Damage to the jawbone can also be pinpointed as well as any bone decay, swelling, cysts, or tumours, all of which are impossible to actually see without x-ray imaging. Finding these or any other major oral issues as soon as possible is critical in order to properly treat them.

Especially with destructive diseases that show little to no symptoms but progress quickly, up-to-date x-rays and bi-annual checkups are the best way to keep on top of your health.

7. Head, neck and lymph node checks

In addition to checking your mouth, gums, and tongue for signs or oral cancer, your dentist will also check your neck, jaw, and lymph nodes, located just below your jawline, for any swelling, lumps, or other abnormalities. If an abnormality is found it could be a sign of a major health issue, and your dentist will alert you to it and refer you the appropriate medical professional.

Let’s get an overview to why frequent dental checkups ( Atleast twice a year is important)

  • Regular dental visits are important because they help to keep your teeth and gums healthy.
  • There are two parts to a regular dental visit:
    – The check up
    – The cleaning
  • During the dental check up, your dental professional will check your overall oral health for any trouble areas.
  • During the cleaning, your dental professional will remove any plaque and tartar buildup and may polish your teeth.
  • You should have a regular dental visit at least twice a year or as recommended by your dental professional.

It is afterall your duty to ensure that your dentition is at the utmost level and so is your oral health. Keep following us The Dental Hub for more such facts

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Remember to smile for yourself and smile for the world.

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